So, let’s talk about dentures first.
What are Dentures?
Dentures are artificial teeth that are placed on an acrylic plate inside your mouth. These cover your gums and the bone.
Types of Dentures:
1. Partial denture:
You might need a partial denture if you have one or few teeth missing.
2. Complete denture:
If all your teeth on one arch are missing, then you’ll need a complete denture. Most older adults nowadays have complete dentures.
What are Dental Implants?
A dental implant is a screw-like object made of titanium. This titanium is biocompatible, which means it won’t harm any of your oral tissues. It’s compatible with them, and it doesn’t cause any allergies.
Types of Implants:
Implants can be of various kinds. It can be a single unit implant, or it can be multiple implants or even implants.
Systems are available nowadays, for example, in all-on-4 and all-on-6. It means that four implants are placed in your arch, and it’s covered with a denture. So, it’s also known as a hybrid denture.
Now you get to know about dentures and dental implants. Let’s learn about the advantages and disadvantages. So, it will help you to make an excellent choice for you.
Advantages of Dentures:
- Some older people tend to have psychological makeup that they like to remove their dentures every day, clean them up, and then put them back again. So, it’s like some people get this high, or it’s like cleaning dishes is a meditation for them.
- Now another thing is that an implant will require surgery, and some people don’t want surgery. Some people are very skeptical about it. So those people might go in for dentures.
Disadvantages of Dentures:
- A denture tends to cause a lot of bone loss. Many senior patients have a sunken cheek appearance because they’ve lost a lot of bone over the years.
- Dentures tend to cause infections, as well. There is a space between the denture and the oral tissues, which are typical to accommodate many bacteria. Over time, this can lead to inflammation and infections. Of course, with the help of medication, you can heal it.
- Dentures also tend to impact your speech and taste sensations. The upper denture tends to cover up the roof of the mouth, and this part of your mouth contains taste buds. So, when it’s covered, it won’t be functional.
- When it comes to social gatherings, many patients complain about embarrassment in such situations because the denture sometimes comes out.
- When you open your mouth very wide or yawn or laugh, it tends to dislodge. It can be uncomfortable in a social setting.
- Even you cannot eat specific foods. There are some foods you need to avoid, for example, sticky foods or hard foods. These tend to dislodge your denture again. Thus, many patients tend to have malnutrition because they can’t eat everything that they want.
- A lot of patients request dentures because they are cheaper. The initial cost of a denture is much less than that of an implant. But over the years, a denture needs realigning, and it may need alteration as well. The reason for this is that dentures tend to cause bone loss. So realigning is essential in the case of dentures.
Now let us see the advantages of dental implants:
- Dental implants tend to bind with the bone. This process is known as osseointegration. The implant tends to stimulate the bone to form. This bone formation will fuse with the implant.
- It produces a very sturdy structure, and it lasts much longer than a denture does.
- You can eat and drink anything you want instead of dentures, where you can’t eat different types of foods. Now, for this reason, again, there’s no chance of malnutrition.
- When it comes to implants, it’s a very permanent solution. You won’t need any redoing, so implants are definitely a better option here.
- Another reason is that they last much longer than dentures. Their longevity is around five to eight times of dentures.
- Dental implants look and feel natural. You don’t feel like you have a foreign object in your mouth.
Disadvantages of dental implants:
- For people who don’t want to go for surgery, dental implants are not the best choice. But you don’t need to worry about the procedure as it takes place under anesthesia.
- The healing period takes about 3 to 6 months. During this period, the bone and the implant are fusing. It is a significant period for your implant success.
- But this is not a disadvantage overdenture because even in the case of this healing period, you can pretty much eat everything you would be eating with dentures.
- You do get a temporary prosthesis during this healing period. Of course, it’s not as strong as the permanent prosthesis, but it does all the work that a denture can do.
- There are some situations where dental implants might not be a good option for some patients. For example, if you have uncontrolled diabetes or uncontrolled hypertension or a heart condition where surgery is not recommended or even for cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy. These are the situations where you need medical advice to go in for any surgery.
What is the success rate of dental implants?
Dentists mostly recommend dental implants to patients. This is because the success rate of dental implants is around 95% to 99% in a healthy patient. Now, even patients who are aged 82 can get implants successfully.