In a fast-paced city like Navi Mumbai, people often forget to look after their oral hygiene. It leads to loss of teeth at both early age or old age. If you are suffering from a similar problem, consider visiting a dental clinic in Vashi, Navi Mumbai. They would suggest you go for overdenture.
But do you know what an overdenture is?
What is an Overdenture?
An overdenture treatment is a removable dental prosthesis that the dentist fixes on your natural teeth or dental implants. If you are experiencing a loss of upper or lower teeth, the best option is to get yourself an overdenture. Overdentures are like a mix of dental implants and false prosthetic teeth. So, this gives you a feeling of having a mouth full of regular teeth.
One of the main benefits of overdentures is that the roots remaining in the maxilla (upper jaw) help preserve your upper jaw bone. This avoids bone resorption.
Now that you know what overdentures are, let us explain their different types.
Types of Overdentures
There are two types of overdentures:
This form of overdenture lies in your natural tooth structure. So, it retains your natural teeth, thus preserving your jawbone. Because the overdentures lay on your natural teeth, it delays the process of bone resorption in the jaw.
Tooth supported overdentures depends on a few factors like:
There needs to be one supporting tooth per quadrant to give you enough support, and the tooth must be a canine.
The teeth are chosen to give you support should be healthy. That means it should not be decayed and have no gum disease. This ensures long term retention of your jaw.
If you have enough bony ridge in your jaws, you can go for implant-supported overdenture. This form of overdenture gets support from dental implants and intraoral tissues. Having implant-supported overdenture gives better stability of prosthesis and reduces bone resorption. Implant-supported dentures may be fixed or removable. So, you can choose which one is best suited for you.
Types of Attachment System
Overdentures can be categorized as per the kinds of attachment system utilized. The attachment systems work to improve the stability and retention of your overdenture.
Bars and clips
Bars connect your overdenture to the splinted supporting teeth. A sleeve or clip is placed on the bar to hold the overdenture in its place. Based on the bar’s resiliency, bars can be created either a bar unit (non-resilient/ rigid) or a bar joint (resilient). Overall, this is the most popular attachment system. It has a unique ability to stabilize overdenture and relatively higher wear resistance.
The system has a magnet placed on the fitting surface of the overdenture, and the magnet keeper fixes to your implants supporting teeth.
Telescopic attachment is useful in overdentures supported with your natural teeth rather than implants. It consists of a primary thin metal covering cemented to the supporting teeth. It also includes a second metal covering added to the overdenture to fit over the initial covering.
Benefits of Overdentures
Some of the reasons why you should consider getting overdenture include:
- Does not cover your palate
- Protects facial looks from your jawbone loss
- Protects your jaw
- Permits for biting and chewing many foods with little restriction
- High levels of your satisfaction
- Simple Maintenance
- Detect position and motion in your mouth
What is the Procedure for Fitting Overdentures?
Let us understand the procedure of fitting overdenture in your mouth. It includes the following steps:
- Your dentist takes impressions of your teeth
- They create proper positioning of your dental implants
- The dentist fixes the dental implant through surgery
- After healing, they monitor the condition of your implant
- Your dentist takes impressions to create your final dentures
- Fixing your overdentures
- Adjusting your overdentures in follow up sessions
Complications of Overdentures
Many complications can occur when overdentures are fitted in your mouth. These may range from post insertion tissue changes to fracture of your prosthesis.
Damage to periodontal tissues
The common cause of changes within your periodontal tissues is the lack of oral hygiene. Plaque develops near overdenture’s supporting teeth. Also, precision attachments can progress to inflammation and hyperplasia of the gingiva.
Any remaining tooth structure within your oral cavity can develop cavities. It is usually due to a lack of topical fluoride application, poor oral hygiene, and an unhealthy diet.
Another tissue change that results from wearing an overdenture is the resorption of your alveolar bone. You may know that root retention prevents the alveolar bone from resorbing. However, the supporting teeth’ bones are susceptible to gradual resorption after some time.
Denture stomatitis is a common issue in partial and full denture wearers. However, it can also affect people with overdentures. The condition develops because of a yeast infection, which occurs due to poor oral hygiene, hyposalivation, and poor diet.
Just like the damage to intra-oral tissues, there is a possibility of fracture to your prosthesis as well. Fractures are more common in people who use overdentures with attachments.
There are several reasons why you must opt for overdentures. It is especially beneficial when compared to a conventional full or partial removable prosthesis.
Remember, when looking for this treatment, choose an experienced dentist in Vashi, Navi Mumbai. It is because overdenture is a complicated process that must be performed with precision.
So, find a dentist who understands your requirements and can provide successful results.